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IBM Company HistoryIBM Corp. was founded with the name Computing Tabulating Recording Co.(CTR) in New York on June 15th, 1911 after the union of the companies Tabulating Machine Corp., Computing Scale Corp. and the International Time Recording Company. CTR was then renamed in International Business Machines in 1924. IBM developed Sequek in 1974 and got renamed 2 years later to SQL (Structured Query Language), the publications about the Relation model of E. F. Codds was the basis for this development.
In 1975 IBM had for the first time produced a PC (personal computer), the model was called 5100 and introduced the term PC. IBM presented the IBM 5150 PC with Intel 8088, PC DOS 1.0 and 63 watt of power supply in New York on August 12th, 1981. The successor IBM 5160 PC XT was introduced in March 1983, the power supply offers up to 135 watts, contained a floppy disk drive and 10 mbyte hard disk. At the end of 1981 the PC was successful with IBM DOS / MS-DOS on the market, becomes a industry standard and made computers for a broad range of customers interesting for purchase. IBM introduced the PC-AT (advanced technology) standard in 1984, the further developed PC-ATX standard followed soon. In 1988 a common project was founded with Microsoft to develop a successor of OS/2 1.x. The project aim was called OS/2 3.0, the cooperation was ended in 1991. IBM developed the 32 bit of OS/2 2.0 further, Microsoft follows with this "New Technology" operating system own aims to support step by step the platforms x86, Alpha, MIPS and PowerPC. NT shall contain technology of OS/2 1.x, Win32 and build up on a rudimentary Posix subsystem. The own developed database management system is named DB2 and was used by many millions of users worldwide in August 2000.
The cost for the development of the operating system OS/360 was 50 million dollars and it has more than 220,000 lines of code. The operating system OS/400 were renamed since release V5R3 to i5/OS. E.g. This OS is used for example on the eServer i5 with PowerPC processors. The new IBM System /360 is a more efficient computer system as previous IBM computers which is different built up. The hardware components (like the card reader) were interchangeable and the software can operate on all models of the product family. The development of System 360 cost 5 billion dollars and employed in record times over 50,000 employees. This computer was manufactured for the first time with an assembly line.
IBM ports middleware products for HP servers with HP-UX. Such software belongs to the WebSphere, Rational, Tivoli and Lotus product line to provide better solutions for common customers from the finance sector.
IBM published the 7th generation of the S/390 computer under the name eServer zSeries 900 at the beginning of October 2000. The newly developed operating system zOS was adapted on this line and had virtualization technology especially to adapt the efficiency of the complete system to the current requirements in the regular business. For the zSeries Linux is alternatively offered as operating system. The UNIX server RS/6000 scalable up to supercomputer is replaced by the pSeries in future.
The biggest IT company of the world is IBM and shows not only with an 1 billion U.S. dollar financing his great engagement in Linux technology. IBM splits up to the main enterprises IBM Corporation (USA) and IBM Deutschland GmbH, branch offices can be found around the world. Because of the blue IBM logo it gets synonymous for IBM as "big blue".
- Global Financing (IT financing institute)
- Global Services (business and technology consulting)
- Microelectronic and hard disks, storage systems
- Pervasive computing (cordless computer technology )
- Research and development (patent) more than 24 development labs in the world, 115.000 employees in this field
- Notebook computer & server market, incl. mainframes
- IBM ThinkPad notebook computer
- eServer series, ASCI White supercomputer
(Accelerated Strategic computing initiative)
- AS/400 server series, announced at 1988-06-21, 20 years later still at over 245.000 company customers in use
- S/390 server series
- more than 65 strategy partners (Baan, SAP)
- WebSphere application server
- DB2 universal database
- WebSphere personalization for Multiplatforms
- content manager for Multiplatforms
- WebSphere home page builder
- Small business suite for Linux
- e-Knowledge management
- ViaVoice speech recognition
- VisualAge for Java
- Lotus ASP Solution Pack
- MVS/370 - OS/360, OS/390, OS/400
- z/OS (formerly OS/390 )
- i5/OS (formerly OS/400 )
- OS/2 operating system (Operating system 2)
This list does not lay any claim to completeness. Updated: January 2001, photo source: IBM